Building Science Concepts

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"Building science is a field of knowledge that draws upon physics, chemistry, engineering, architecture, and the life sciences. Understanding the physical behavior of the building as a system and how this impacts energy efficiency, durability, comfort and indoor air quality is essential to innovating high-performance buildings." - Whole Building Design Guide[1]

This page is coming soon and is planned to cover topics such as heating and cooling loads, fundamentals of HVAC systems, daylight analysis and others. Refer to the additional resources section below for links to external content.

Energy Conservation Measures

Energy conservation measures (ECMs, also commonly referred to as energy efficiency measures - EEMs) are specific design decisions that are made to reduce energy consumption of a particular piece of equipment, or a system as a whole. Most commonly, multiple ECMs are implemented together in an effort to reduce energy consumption to meet a specific goal or target.

For a crash course on various energy conservation measures that can be applied to a design project, check out this list of ECMs, organized by building system/component.

Additional Resources

  • Solar Decathlon Building Science Education Series - This excellent series of building science education videos was created by the U.S. Department of Energy to support the annual Solar Decathlon competition. The series includes primers on how buildings consume energy, zero energy buildings, building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and plug loads. The videos are led by Dr. Paul Torcellini from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and hosted on Heatspring, an educational platform focused on topics such as solar, green building, energy efficiency and other technologies. Users must create an account to access the Solar Decathlon videos, but the course is free.
  • EnergyPlus Building Physics Modules - Presentations and exercises on five building physics topics: Insulation, Thermal Mass, Internal Gains, Infiltration, and Daylighting. Suitable for self-study or for use in a university course. Presentations cover general building physics concepts then show how to model them EnergyPlus. Developed in 2010 by GARD and IIT.

References

  1. "Building Science Concepts". Whole Building Design Guide.
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